Nature is something which is both good and bad for the living organisms. The good side of nature is something really mesmerising like the freezing of the entire stretch of the Niagara Falls recently, but the bad side can affect lives which can be dangerous for the growing population to live, like, massive increase in temperature which is uncertain. Knowing about nature is not the only thing which creates the world around us. It’s also about things beyond this planet- the space.
On January 31, which is today marks a total lunar eclipse, but this is coinciding with supermoon and a blue moon as well. The event is being termed as a super blue blood moon and is a rare lunar event for star-gazers. It’s going to be an astonishing event to experience by the people living in Hawaii, Alaska and the US. Residents in India, it’s a good news for you all too! They are also going to witness this uncertain coinciding event with total lunar eclipse.
Super moons occur when the full moon coincides with the Moon’s closest orbit point (perigee) to the planet. During a super moon, the Moon appears upto 14 per cent larger and 30 per cent brighter, according to NASA. The farthest distance between the moon and the Earth is termed ‘apogee’, while the perigee is the nearest point between planet Earth and its satellite. The reason this January 31 event is a Super blue blood moon is because this will also be a total lunar eclipse, when the satellite has reddish tinge to it. It is also the second total lunar eclipse in the month of January 2018, and according to NASA, a second total lunar eclipse during a month is called ‘blue moon’. Thus the Super moon has become a “super blue blood moon.”
For the people living in India, first viewers will be from the north-East, who will be able to witness this event between 4:21 PM and 5:18 PM IST. Rest of India will get a chance to see this Super blue blood moon between 5:18 PM IST and 6:21 PM IST. The west coast and parts of Rajasthan will see the celestial event from 6:21 PM IST to 7:37 PM IST on January 31 itself.
A total lunar eclipse is where the moon is blocked entirely by the Earth’s shadow, as the Earth comes between the Sun and the Moon. Totally eclipsed moons are called blood moons because they tend take on a reddish hue due to how Earth’s atmosphere scatters blue light, but allows red wavelengths to pass through. This year January 1, 2018 also saw a Supermoon rise.
Also, ‘blue moon’ is referred to the second full moon which occurs in a month. This also led to the term ‘Once in a blue moon’, as it is relatively rare to witness.